A HISTORY OF MAKING
THE BEST BETTER
The development of nitroparaffins originated in Smackover, Arkansas, when research chemist Henry Hass began studying the commercial applications of natural gas.
Over the next nine years, Hass researched the chemical potential of paraffin gasses. While working with Hass, graduate student Byron Vanderbilt discovered a process to produce nitroparaffins through vaporization. Later, graduate student Edward Hodge improved the process and discovered that vapor phase nitration of propane produces four products: nitromethane, nitroethane, 1-nitropropane and 2-nitropropane. Hodge's research confirmed Vanderbilt's proposition that the nitration process would work with any paraffin hydrocarbon.
On July 24, Hass, Hodge and Vanderbilt received a joint patent for a batch process and continuous-flow reaction to produce nitroparaffins.
In 1935, CSC licensed the nitration process and hired Hodge to initiate production. Meanwhile, Hass and Vanderbilt carried out additional CSC-sponsored research at Purdue.
Alberta Natural Gas and Pacific Gas Transmission Company bought the nitroparaffins business from IMC and established ANGUS (Alberta Natural Gas United States) Chemical Company. ANGUS was the first company solely committed to manufacturing and marketing nitroparaffins.
The facility is part of the Sterlington, Louisiana manufacturing site and helps validate the new-to-the world molecules the company is developing with its unique nitration process.
Effective June 25, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) officially removed AMP, a crucial formulation ingredient for the paint & coatings industry, from the Clean Air Act’s list of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). AMP is the only amine approved by the EPA for the VOC exemption.